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Is Baumrind Right That ‘Parents Create Their Children Psychologically’?
As most of us know, Diana Baumrind is a famous psychologist especially due to her researches and achievements on parenting styles. And the fact that, according to her, parents create their children psychologically, cannot be underestimated.
It is a usual thought that the way children are treated is the key factor of what they will become in the future, hence: how they will form psychologically. And that treatment, in other words, is parenting. Well, Baumrind research has proved that there are 4 main parenting styles: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive and uninvolved. According to recent researches the results of each parenting style have been proved and sorted out one by one(Amy Morin, LCSW).
Let’s take the contrast of 2 parenting styles as an example: authoritarian and authoritative. Authoritarian parents are more demanding and less responsive for their child. They expect that their child will accept their strict rules without questioning them, and punish if the child disobeys (Dewar). As a result, the child grows up with poor social skills, because of their parents’ lack of responsiveness, less self-esteem, most of them even start lying in order to avoid punishments.
In the contrary of authoritarian, authoritative parents’ demandingness and responsiveness are equally high. They often praise good behavior, value independence and are more supportive. Such parenting style creates a happy, successful child with better social skills, since child gets more experience of socializing because of the responsive environment that the authoritative parents have provided for their child (Bianca Mgbemere and Rachel Telles).
Therefore, in the case of these two parenting styles, we can see the possibility of psychological development of two different personalities, that are created under the circumstances of dissimilar approach of raising a child. This proves the point of Baumrind, that parents are, indeed, responsible for the creation of their children psychologically.
Amy Morin, LCSW. “4 Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids.” Very Well (2017): 2. https://www.verywell.com/types-of-parenting-styles-1095045. (Aug. 24, 2017)
Bianca Mgbemere and Rachel Telles. “Types of Parenting Styles and How to Identify Yours.” Vanderbilt (2013): 1. https://my.vanderbilt.edu/developmentalpsychologyblog/2013/12/types-of-parenting-styles-and-how-to-identify-yours/. (Aug. 24, 2017)
Dewar, Gwen. “Authoritarian parenting: What happens to the kids?” Parenting Science (2017): 1. http://www.parentingscience.com/authoritarian-parenting.html. (Aug. 25, 2017)